## Matter and Charge Laws are Equal

The relationship between laws of matter, noted by mass (m) in the equation, are equal to electromagnetic charge laws, noted by charge (q) in the equation, when one considers a **single electron mass and charge** and the distance to be equal to the **electron’s classical radius**. Amazingly, the matter laws from Einstein to Newton can be related to charge laws such as Coulomb’s law. It is yet more evidence that particles are waves.

The following laws are equal because they can be derived to a common equation using energy wave constants. However, for the purpose of illustration that these laws are equivalent, they are left in common physics terms. They are:

- r
_{e}– electron classical radius (2.82 x 10^{-15}m) - m
_{e}– electron mass (9.11 x 10^{-31}kg) - q
_{e}– electron elementary charge (e) (1.60 x 10^{-19}m) *μ*_{0}– magnetic constant (1.26 x 10^{-6}kg/m)*μ*_{B}– electron magnetic moment (Bohr magneton) (9.27 x 10^{-24}m^{3}/s)*α*_{e}– fine structure constant (7.30 x 10^{-3})

** Charge is wave amplitude (meters – m) in wave theory, not Coulombs. This affects the elementary charge, magnetic constant and magnetic moment units. When these SI units are used, the equations below resolve correctly in both value and in units. *

### 1) Einstein’s Mass-Energy Equivalence (force form) = Coulomb’s Law

Einstein’s mass-energy (E=mc^{2}) in force form at the electron’s radius (*left side of equation*) is exactly equal to Coulomb’s law (*right side of the equation*). Note that Coulomb’s constant is replaced by the magnetic constant form where k=*μ*_{0}c^{2}/4π. Force (F) is dependent on the only variable in the equation which is distance (r).

### 2) Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation = Force of Electron’s Magnetic Moment

Newton’s law of universal gravitation (*left side of equation) *is equal to the force of the electron’s magnetic moment (*right side of equation*), as noted by the Bohr magneton (*μ*_{B}). The g-factors from energy wave theory are used in the equation to satisfy units. The impact on value is 0.96 (**Δ _{T}^{2}/δ_{e}**= 0.96). Force (F) is dependent on the only variable in the equation which is distance (r).

### 3) Newton’s Second Law = Distinti’s Induction Force

Newton’s second law, F=ma, (*left side of equation) *is equal to the force of induction (*right side of equation*) according to Robert Distinti’s laws when the distance (r) is the electron’s classical radius. Note that Distinti’s equation uses constant K_{m}, where K_{m}=*μ*_{0}/4π. It is replaced by its original constants in this form. Force (F) is dependent on the only variable in the equation which is acceleration (a).

### 4) Centripetal Force = Distinti’s Electromagnetic Force

Newton’s laws of motions derive the centripetal force, F=mv^{2}/r, (*left side of equation).* This equation for motion is equal to the force of electromagnetism (*right side of equation*) for a single particle according to Robert Distinti’s laws when the distance (r) is the electron’s classical radius. Note that Distinti’s equation uses constant K_{m}, where K_{m}=*μ*_{0}/4π. It is replaced by its original constants in this form. For a single particle, the velocity portion of Distinti’s equation reduces simply to v^{2}. Force (F) is dependent on the only variable in the equation which is velocity (v).

*Use any of these equations and you will find that the matter law (m) is equal to the charge law (q) when substituting with the fundamental physical constants for the electron.*

## Mass (m) and Charge (q) Equivalence

The relationship for mass and charge is as follows (9.11 x 10^{-31} kg):

It is apparent in the matter laws and electromagnetic laws when considering a single electron mass and charge. At the electron’s radius, the force laws are equal.

In modern physics, the SI units do not align because charge is measured in Coulombs. However, in energy wave theory, charge is measured as wave amplitude (meters). The right side of the equation properly aligns to be kilograms (kg) in energy wave theory. Furthermore, all fundamental constants can be derived to only five wave constants. This allows all of the above equations to be derived to a single equation in energy wave theory, demonstrating their equivalence in mathematical form. This includes: E=mc^{2}, F=Gmm/r^{2}, F=ma, F=kqq/r^{2} and more. Refer to the following paper for more details.