Explanations

Why is the quantum world so strange?

The simple definition of quantum mechanics from the dictionary is that quantum mechanics is a branch of physics that deals with the structure and behavior of very small pieces of matter. However, quantum mechanics is not simple. In fact, the explanations describing the world of the small are incredibly strange. For example, these are just some of the bizarre explanations:

  • There are 11 dimensions in the quantum world (versus 3 spatial dimensions that we are aware of in our physical world)
  • Gravity is the weakest force because it spreads into other dimensions (that we cannot see or validate)
  • The electron is both a particle and a wave
  • The electron can be anywhere and is everywhere until the point that it is observed (famously stated that the cat in the box is both dead and alive until the box is opened)
  • Matter can appear out of nowhere given a photon with sufficient energy (known as the pair production process that creates an electron/positron pair)

 

Wave Particle Duality

 

How can it be simplified?

In energy wave theory, new equations represent a simpler view of the universe and the subatomic world. Some of the strange quantum explanations are no longer needed or become much simpler to comprehend, such as:

  • There are only 3 spatial dimensions. Time is generally considered a 4th dimension, but time is wave frequency in energy wave theory.
  • Particles, including the electron, have wave centers that follow classical laws. A particle is created from these wave centers and may transition in form, but the wave centers have a definite position in space at a given time.
  • Particles and their anti-particles do not disappear during annihilation, they just cannot be detected as their standing wave energy cancels due to destructive wave interference. Matter does not automatically appear from nowhere. These particles are separated with a high-energy photon and take their matter form again.

The calculations of particle interactions, however, is not as simple.  Trillions and trillions of particles interact and have influence on other particles. It’s similar to determining the weather. The weather follows an exact science to calculate temperature and pressure at any given time. It is possible to calculate the weather when factoring all of its external factors, but it would take supercomputers crunching and analyzing every factor. Therefore, the best that can be done with current knowledge is to determine the probability of sun or rain on a given day.

Particle physics is very similar. With all of the interactions between particles, affecting wave amplitudes of other particles, their positions can only be modeled based on probability.  For example, there is an X% chance that the electron will be at position Y. One day, we should find that it can be accurately modeled to 100% when all of the factors that affect a particle can be computed.

 

Explanations

A handful of experiments that led to the quantum revolution can be explained with a new structure based on wave energy. These are documented in this section (links on right). Since this theory is based on waves, requiring a medium in space, the starting point is the explanation of the Michelson-Morley experiment that killed the concept of the aether.