# Fundamental Physical Constants Table

## Fundamental Physical Constants – Summary of Calculations

The fundamental physical constants are shown in the table below with their current values (CODATA 2014), calculated using energy wave constants. This section details the calculations and provides an explanation for most of the physical constants and why they appear in equations. Of these constants calculated, only the constants for proton radius and Avogadro’s constant have values that differ by greater than 0.001%.

 Physical Constant CODATA Value Calculated % Diff G-Factor* Units Fine Structure Constant 7.2974E-03 7.2974E-03 0.000% N/A Electron Energy 8.1871E-14 8.1871E-14 0.000% kg m2/s2 Electron Mass 9.1094E-31 9.1094E-31 0.000% kg Electron Classical Radius 2.8179E-15 2.8179E-15 0.000% gλ m Proton Mass 1.6726E-27 1.6726E-27 0.000% gp kg Proton-Electron Mass Ratio 1836.153 1836.153 0.000% gp N/A Proton Radius 8.7516E-16 8.7389E-16 0.146% m Bohr Radius 5.2918E-11 5.2918E-11 0.000% gλ m Electron Compton Wavelength 2.4263E-12 2.4263E-12 0.000% gλ m Rydberg Unit of Energy 2.1799E-18 2.1799E-18 0.000% kg m2/s2 Rydberg Constant 1.0974E+07 1.0974E+07 0.000% gλ-1 m-1 Planck Constant 6.6261E-34 6.6261E-34 0.000% gλ kg m2/s Planck Time 5.3912E-44 5.3912E-44 0.000% gλ2 s Planck Length 1.6162E-35 1.6162E-35 0.000% gλ2 m Planck Mass 2.1765E-08 2.1765E-08 0.000% gλ-1 kg Planck Charge 1.8755E-18 1.8755E-18 0.000% gA-1 m ** Elementary Charge 1.6022E-19 1.6022E-19 0.000% gA-1 m ** Coulomb’s Constant 8.9876E+09 8.9876E+09 0.000% gλ  gA2 kg m/s2 ** Electric Constant 8.8542E-12 8.8542E-12 0.000% gλ-1  gA-2 s2/kg m ** Magnetic Constant 1.2566E-06 1.2566E-06 0.000% gλ  gA2 kg/m ** Bohr Magneton 9.2740E-24 9.2740E-24 0.000% gλ  gA-1 m3 / s ** Avogadro’s Constant 6.0221E+23 6.0225E+23 -0.005% gλ-1 N/A Gravitational Constant 6.6741E-11 6.6741E-11 0.000% gλ3 m3/s2 kg Gravity Coupling Constant (electron) 2.4005E-43 *** gλ2 N/A Gravity Coupling Constant (proton) 8.0932E-37 *** gλ2  gp2 N/A

* The table includes a column for a g-factor that was used, if needed, for physical constants to offset the calculations using the energy wave equations. In physics, there are correction factors for particle orbitals and spin known as the g-factors.  The correction factors in this paper are very similar to the g-factors because they also appear in energy wave equations related to orbitals and spin. This is explained in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.

** Some of the units require derivation to match the known SI units for the fundamental physical constants. Specifically, charge is measured as amplitude in wave theory, which is meters, not Coulombs. And the unit for Henry for the magnetic constant is replaced with mass (kg).  When substituted, all units resolve correctly. Details for each unit derivation and mapping is provided in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.

*** Not listed as a fundamental physical constant in CODATA. Listed in this table for calculations but not comparison.

Source Data: All tables shown here for fundamental physical constants calculations can be found in the downloadable spreadsheet. Further information on the derivation of the equations and how to replicate them is in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.