Elementary Charge


The elementary charge is the electric charge carried by a single electron or a single proton. Wave amplitude continues to decrease from the electron’s core with each wavelength, transitioning from standing waves to traveling waves at the electron’s classical radius.  Traveling waves contain energy, but are no longer stored energy (particle rest energy).  Traveling wave energy is experienced as a force between particles at distance.  Because wave amplitude decreases at distance, it is measured relative to the elementary charge (wave amplitude at first wavelength of traveling waves) to distance.  Whereas the Planck charge is the amplitude at the first standing wave wavelength, the elementary charge is the amplitude at the first traveling wave wavelength.

Elementary Charge Explained


See also: Planck charge



Derivation – Elementary Charge

The elementary charge was derived from known physics equations relating it to the Planck charge and the square root of the fine structure constant. Both of these constants can be replaced with energy wave constants from values derived on this site, and the result of the derivation is below.


Classical Constant Form

Elementary Charge Derived

Wave Constant Form

Elementary Charge Derived Wave Constants

Using classical constants Using energy wave constants


Calculated Value: 1.6022E-19
Difference from CODATA: 0.000%
Calculated Units: m
G-Factor: gA-1


Note: Units are in meters, not Coulombs (C), as wave theory measures charge based on amplitude, which is in meters.

Its value was calculated and shown to match the known value in the Summary of Calculations table. The derivation of this constant is available in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.