## Background

Isaac Newton was the first to calculate the laws of gravity and the gravitational effects on Earth and other planets/stars. The gravitational constant (G) first appeared in Newton’s gravity equations, and later in Albert Einstein’s equations for general relativity. Force is related to mass and the distance between objects, but G remains the constant in Newton’s force equation.

## Energy Wave Constants – Equivalent

The following is the representation of this fundamental physical constant expressed in energy wave theory. Using energy wave constants, its value was calculated and shown to match the known value in the Summary of Calculations table.

### Gravitational Constant

The gravitational constant comes from the Force Equation that is a reduction of amplitude for each particle slightly losing energy when in-waves transition to out-waves. Unlike other complex equations for constants that were reduced with a relationship to the fine structure constant, no simplification was found for the gravitational constant (G).

The complete derivation of this constant is available in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.

## Alternative Derivation

An alternative version after substituting for δ_{Ge }and O_{e}. The derivation appears simpler but the modifier is now introduced into the equation whereas the first derivation (above) did not have the modifier.