## Explanation

The Planck charge is a measure of electric charge in the Planck unit system. It is defined as the elementary charge of an electron divided by the square root of the fine structure constant. In wave theory, it is a measurement of wave amplitude at the first wavelength from the electron’s core, where wave centers reflect in-waves to become standing waves.

## Derivation – Planck Charge

The Planck charge was derived in detail and illustrated in the* Forces* paper. At the core, ten wave centers for the electron (K_{e}=10) amplify longitudinal waves proportional to the number of waves centers, becoming K_{e}A_{l} in amplitude. After leaving the core, amplitude decreases with distance, becoming half the amplitude at the first wavelength. It is the Planck charge, as expressed in the figure above.

In wave theory, it is simply based on wave amplitude. Charge is therefore amplitude. As particles interact with each other, they constructively or destructively combine waves that affect amplitude. Since charge is based on wave amplitude in meters, Coulombs becomes a unit that is measured in meters and not a separate SI unit.

## Classical Constant Form |
## Wave Constant Form |

Using classical constants | Using energy wave constants |

**Calculated Value**: 1.8755E-18

**Difference from CODATA:** 0.000%

**Calculated Units**: m

**G-Factor: **g_{A}^{-1}

** Note: **Units are in meters, not Coulombs (C), as wave theory measures charge based on amplitude, which is in meters.

Its value was calculated and shown to match the known value in the Summary of Calculations table. *The derivation of this constant is available in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.*