# Waves

## Understanding Waves

Energy is the motion of the aether, which travels as waves. Waves may change type and form, or their amplitudes may be additive or subtractive when combined with other waves, but in all cases energy will always be conserved.

## Types of Waves

There are four common terms used to describe wave type and form. Waves may be longitudinal or transverse, and each type may be standing or traveling. Descriptions of these terms are found below. In addition, icons are used throughout this site to describe waves as follows:

Wave icons

## Wave Interference

Waves may combine, increasing or decreasing their amplitude. This is known as wave interference.

## Motion to Minimize Wave Amplitude

The fundamental rule of particle motion is for wave centers to move to minimize wave amplitude. The standing and traveling wave forms have an effect on this rule for forces and for the creation of particles and antiparticles.

## Wave Terminology

All other major wave terms used throughout this site and paper and their definitions are listed below.  Most terms are used from definitions from Dictionary.comItalicized terms are introduced by energy wave theory.

• Aether – the hypothetical medium formerly believed to fill all space and to support the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Also referred to as ether.
• Amplitude – the maximum displacement or distance moved by a point on a vibrating body or wave measured from its equilibrium position. It is equal to one-half the length of the vibration path.
• Amplitude factor – The resulting amplitude at a given point in space and time, calculated as a result of constructive and destructive waves.
• Constructive interference – the interference of two or more waves of equal frequency and phase, resulting in their mutual reinforcement and producing a single amplitude equal to the sum of the amplitudes of the individual waves.
• Density – A measure of the quantity of some physical property per unit length, area, or volume (usually volume).
• Energy – The capacity or power to do work, such as the capacity to move an object (of a given mass) by the application of force. Energy can exist in a variety of forms, such as electrical, mechanical, chemical, thermal, or nuclear, and can be transformed from one form to another.
• Force – In physics, something that causes a change in the motion of an object.
• Granule – The fabric or substance of the aether allowing energy to flow. Granules respond to a wave such that it can pass its inertia and momentum to the next granule.
• In-wave – The incoming wave into a wave center before it is reflected.
• Longitudinal wave – a wave that is propagated in the same direction as the displacement of the transmitting medium. See example above.
• Node – A node is a point along a standing wave where the wave has zero amplitude. A wave center is stable at the node of the standing wave.
• Out-wave – The outgoing wave reflected from a wave center.
• Particle – one of the extremely small constituents of matter, as an atom or nucleus. Created from wave centers reflecting longitudinal waves to create standing waves.
• Photon – A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of all forms of electromagnetic radiation including light. It is the force carrier for electromagnetic force, even when static via virtual photons. It is a short-lived transverse wave of energy. Since it has no wave center, or standing wave, it has no stored energy (mass).
• Standing wave – a wave in a medium in which each point on the axis of the wave has an associated constant amplitude ranging from zero at the nodes to a maximum at the antinodes. See example above.
• Transverse wave – A wave that oscillates perpendicular to the axis along which the wave. See example above.
• Traveling wave – a wave in which the medium moves in the direction of propagation of the wave. See example above.
• Wave center – the reflecting point of waves, creating a standing wave.
• Wavelength – The distance between one peak or crest of a wave and the next peak or crest. It is equal to the speed of the wave divided by its frequency, and to the speed of a wave times its period.