# Theory Comparison

## Comparison of Theories – EWT vs Standard Model

The Standard Model is the dominant theory in physics that describes subatomic particles and forces. However, it has issues with incorporating gravity into the theory or explaining the mass of the neutrino. Additional theories have been proposed to resolve these issues and other gaps in the Standard Model. The most notable of these is string theory. The combination of the Standard Model + String Theory has mathematical roots and matches experimental evidence, but it comes with complicated explanations and equations that are incredibly complex.

When comparing these two theories, Energy Wave Theory is found to be simpler, more logical, and most importantly, integrates the force of gravity which is one of the missing elements in the Standard Model.

 Energy Wave Theory Standard Model + String Theory Elementary Particles 2 (granules and wave centers)1 17 (12 fermions and 5 bosons)2 Dimensions 4 (3 spatial dimensions and time) 10 (3 spatial, time and 6 hidden)3 Mechanics Subfields 1 (classical) 2 (classical and quantum) Theory Constants 5 4 19+ 5 Parallel Universes No Yes (Multiverse theory)6 Forces Unified 3 of 4 unified (Electromagnetic, weak and strong)7 Particle Formation Wave center combinations Vibrating string patterns Particle Mass Standing waves Higgs field

1 A wave center is possibly a granule at the center point of wave energy, which would converge the number of elementary particles to one.
2 Not including flavors and colors of particles. If included can be up to 61 particles – https://physics.info/standard/practice.shtml
3 String theory – https://phys.org/news/2014-12-universe-dimensions.html.  M-theory has one extra for 11 dimensions.
4 Not including mathematical constants (e.g. pi), EWT can derive equations using five constants in both wave format and classical constant format.
5 The number of constants depends on the Standard Model theory variant.
6 Multiverse is one explanation within String Theory – https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-relation-between-String-Theory-and-Multiverse.
7 Gravity has not been incorporated into the Standard Model – searching for graviton particle – https://home.cern/about/physics/standard-model.

## Comparison of Equations

### Energy Wave Theory

#### Wave Constant Form

The Energy Wave Theory equations for forces, particle and photon energy all derived from a simple, fundamental energy wave equation with 5 constants. The remaining are derived constants or variables. Different equations are used based on wave type (longitudinal or transverse waves) and for the amplitude difference due to particle spin. All are derived from the energy wave equation as illustrated by the following diagram: Energy Wave Theory Equations

#### Classical Constant Form

The Energy Wave Theory equations for the electron’s energy and forces can also be derived from only five classical constants (four Planck units and the electron’s radius), in addition to a geometric ratio for the coupling constants that lead to the variations in forces. Since it based on the electron, other particle energies are not incorporated like the wave constant form (above). The constant for the electron’s energy (Ee) is used instead of its Planck derivation for readability. ### Standard Model

The Standard Model equation for particles in Lagrangian form with 19 adjustable parameters is found below. There are five sections that have been deconstructed with explanations.

A century ago, Einstein discovered that energy and mass are related through E=mc2. It is a simple, algebraic equation to describe nature and energy. Yet, the path for building the current Standard Model, which cannot assume a density property of the aether, is challenged with a complicated equation that continues to have adjustments when experiments find something that does not match the equation. Furthermore, it has not incorporated gravity. Credit: http://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/the-deconstructed-standard-model-equation

Standard Model Equation

• Section 1 – Gluons and strong force
• Section 2 – Boson interaction
• Section 3 – Elementary matter interaction with weak force (including incorrect prediction that neutrino does not have mass)
• Section 4 – Virtual particles and interaction with Higgs field
• Section 5 – More virtual particles/ghosts