**Background**

The SI unit system is the most widely used system of measurements. There are currently seven base SI units to measure time (seconds – s), length, (meters – m), mass (kilograms – kg), electric current (amperes – A), temperature (kelvin – K), the amount of a substance (mole – mol) and luminous intensity (candela – cd).

**Explanation**

In **energy wave theory**, there are only three base units required. The explanation and removal of one of the units has a profound impact on the ultimate simplicity of the equations in EWT. The units that are removed are:

- Mole is a dimensionless unit, as it is an amount (count) of a substance
- Kelvin is the same units as energy, as it is the average kinetic energy of particles
- Candela is a measurement of energy, as it is the energy of photons per angle unit
- Amperes is the velocity of particles like electrons, as it is measured as the flow of electric current

It is amperes that is the biggest source of confusion. It is defined as a charge (Coulombs) per second, describing current. But it is the charge unit of Coulombs that has led to a separate set of equations using electromagnetism compared to equations using mass, simply because the units don’t align between these equations. When charge (Coulombs) is replaced with wave amplitude, which is granule displacement (meters), then charge and mass equations align.

### Simplified Units – kg, m, s

The three units that are used to describe particles, photons, atoms and their forces are: mass (kg), length (m) and time (s). This forms the simplified kg/m/s unit system used in EWT. All of the calculations in EWT use one of two constants: classical or wave constants. Each of these constants are described in more detail on the spacetime constants page, but note the units for the constants are all variations of kg/m/s.

**Classical Derivations – **All equations and all of the electron-based fundamental physical constants are derived from only five classical constants (three of these are the base units)*:

- Planck mass (kg)
- Planck length (m)
- Planck time (s)
- Planck charge (m)
- Electron radius (m)

**Wave Derivations – **Similarly, all equations and all fundamental physical constants on this site can be derived in an alternative wave constant format with five constants.* This format better represents the wave behavior of particles and can derive particle energies in greater detail than classical constants. The five wave constants are:

- Wavelength (m)
- Wave amplitude (m)
- Wave speed (m/s)
- Density (kg/m
^{3}) - Electron wave center count (dimensionless)

** Excludes mathematical constants*