Proton Mass


The proton is a relatively stable particle and a key component of the atom. It resides in the nucleus of the atom and has a positive charge, attracting the electron. It has a measurable mass.

The proton mass is derived here in this paper as a result of a proposed pentaquark geometry for the proton. In the proposed model, the proton is modeled to consist of four quarks and an antiquark, responsible for the attractive and repelling forces found in the Atomic Orbitals paper.  Furthermore, it is proposed that quarks are highly energetic electrons and the antiquark is the positron.




Derivation – Proton Mass

The wave equation format for the proton mass supports the possibility that quarks are electrons as two constants for the electron appear in the equation (Ke and Oe).  The proton has a different g-factor that is used here, unique to the proton mass and the proton-electron mass ratio.


Classical Constant Form


Wave Constant Form

Proton Mass Wave Constant Form

Using classical constants Using energy wave constants


Calculated Value: 1.6726E-27
Difference from CODATA: 0.000%
Calculated Units: kg
G-Factor: gp


Its value was calculated and shown to match the known value in the Summary of Calculations table. The derivation of this constant is available in the Fundamental Physical Constants paper.